Circular Reasoning Fallacy Examples in Media, Real Life, Politics, Movies & Ads
Circular Reasoning Fallacy
Definition Circular Reasoning Fallacy
Definition Circular reasoning is a fallacy in which the reasoner begins with what they are trying to end up with. It is also described as the fallacy of assuming that because an argument is correct, it is also sound and valid.
Circular reasoning fallacy The term circular reasoning is a fallacy in which the reasoner begins with what he or she is trying to end up with.
Circular Reasoning is a fallacy in which the conclusion of the argument is assumed within the premises. The conclusion is often not logically supported by the premises, and the conclusion does not follow from the premises.
Circular Reasoning Fallacy Diagnostic Examples:
- Premise 1: All fish are mammals.
- Premise 2: All mammals are species.
- Conclusion: All fish are species. The conclusion is already in the premise.
Circular reasoning is the logical fallacy of assuming that something is true because it is already known to be true. It is also similar to “begging the question“.
Using the above example, it is when someone assumes that something is true because it is already known to be true.
Circular Reasoning Fallacy Examples
A definition of circular reasoning is when one’s argument relies on premises that are based on the conclusion.
Circular Reasoning Fallacy Examples in Philosophy
Examples of Circular Reasoning in Philosophy:
For example; If someone were to argue that all bachelors are unmarried because they’re male and all males are unmarried because they’re male, then this would be an example of circular reasoning.
Other circular reasoning arguments are:
- “I am not a liar because I never lie.”
- “It is raining outside because it’s cloudy and rainy outside.”
- “The sky is blue because the sun shines on it.”
Circular Reasoning Fallacy Real Life Examples
Examples of Circular Reasoning in Real Life:
The fallacy is a type of circular reasoning if it is not being used ironically.
A circumstance typical example of Circular Reasoning is a court case in which the jury is instructed to convict the defendant if they believe that the defendant is guilty and should find him guilty, even though the evidence presented is minimal to prove the defendant’s guilt.
Other examples of circular reasoning in real-life includes statement like;
- “I’m not going to the party because I don’t want to drink alcohol.”
- “I’m not going to the party because I don’t like drinking alcohol.”
- “I’m not going to the party because I think it’s bad for me.”
- “I have a headache, so that means I can’t go out and drink alcohol at all today.”
Circular Reasoning Fallacy Examples in Media
Examples of Circular Reasoning in Media:
- The media is biased because the media says it’s biased.
- The media is unbiased because the media says it’s unbiased.
- The media is unfair to conservatives because they say so themselves.
Circular Reasoning Fallacy Examples in Advertising
Examples of Circular Reasoning in Advertising:
- The ad uses circular reasoning because it tells you that the product is good because of how many people use it. A car company advertises that they have a large market share, so you should buy their cars.
- Another example of circular reasoning is a store that advertises that they are the best to shop at, so you should buy from them.
Circular Reasoning Fallacy Examples in Politics
Circular reasoning is a logical fallacy that occurs when one assumes something to be true by using the same reasoning to conclude it is true.
This type of reasoning is often seen in political debates. This argument is invalid because it uses inference to prove the original statement.
An example of circular reasoning would be, “if you vote for me, then I will reduce your taxes by 20%”. The person running for office would then say, “This is why you should vote for me because reduce the taxes paid.
Circular Reasoning Fallacy Examples in Movies
Examples of Circular Reasoning in Movies:
The movie’s protagonist is a detective, but the story begins with him being framed for murder. The protagonist has to find out who framed him and why they did so in order to clear his name. In order to do that, he needs to investigate, which leads back to himself as the only suspect.
Circular Reasoning Fallacy Examples in Literature
Examples of Circular Reasoning in Literature:
The protagonist in the novel is a detective who solves crimes by using circular reasoning.
- In order to solve crimes, he must first know that there was a crime committed.
- To find out if there was a crime committed, he needs evidence of one.
- To find evidence of one, he needs to determine whether or not there was a crime committed.
Circular Reasoning Fallacy Examples in News
Examples of Circular Reasoning in News:
- The article states that the president’s approval rating is at an all-time low because he has done nothing to improve the economy.
- The article cites a poll showing that people disapprove of the president’s economic policies, which is what caused his approval rating to drop in the first place.
- This circular reasoning only serves to confirm that President Trump has been unsuccessful in improving our country’s economic situation.